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Routine Vaccinations & Health Checks 

We undertake routine checks and vaccinations across Sussex, Surrey and Kent. We can do these can do these efficiently on our zone system (see zone visits) and we are more than happy to perform a routine dental check at the same time. However if routine dental treatment is likely to be necessary please tell the receptionist at the time of booking so that sufficient time can be put aside. We run a reminder system but politely remind all clients that it is their responsibility to ensure that their horse's vaccinations are kept up to date.

 

Vaccination rules can be confusing but it is important to get it right. Many bodies such as BHA (horseracing), BE, BSJA and FEI require particular influenza vaccination protocols. Below is a summary of their requirements and our vaccine manufacturer's recommendation. Please follow links to the appropriate authorities for more detailed information.

 

Influenza Vaccination

Vaccine manufacturer recommendations; 1st vaccination followed by second at an interval of 4-6 weeks. The third vaccination (first booster) is then adminstered 5 months later. Foals may be vaccinated from 4 months of age but first vaccination is advised at 5-6 months old. Subsequent vaccinations then given on a yearly basis.

BHA (previously the jockey club)/ Pony Club and BSJA rules; 1st vaccination followed by 2nd vaccination 21-92 days later. Third vaccination 150-215 days after the second. Subsequent booster must be the same date or earlier the following year. Link to rules of racing;

http://rules.britishhorseracing.com/Orders-and-rules&staticID=126683&depth=3

FEI regulations. Those horses competing under FEI rules must have received a primary course of 3 vaccinations as above and the most recent booster vaccination must be within 6 calendar months + 21 days on arrival at the competition. Horses must also not have been vaccinated within 7 days of arriving at competition.

http://www.fei.org/fei/horse-health-and-welfare/int-health-requirements/vaccinations

 

Tetanus vaccination

All horses and donkeys should be vaccinated against tetanus.  Tetanus  is usually a  fatal condition in the horse. Deep puncture wounds are particularly dangerous as they provide an ideal site for infection.

Effective immunity against tetanus requires a primary course of two vaccinations given 4-6 weeks apart, followed by a booster 12 months later. Thereafter subsequent vaccinations can be given at 3 yearly intervals. Foals will receive antibodies from their mother’s colostrum and milk that will protect them for the first few weeks of life. Many foals are given tetanus anti-toxin shortly after birth as extra protection. Primary vaccinations are usually started in a horse over the age of 5 months.

If your horse has not been vaccinated or vaccination programme has lapsed and it sustains a wound it is essential that a tetanus anti-toxin injection is given as soon as possible to prevent tetanus infection.  This is not the same as a vaccination but will protect your horse against tetanus for approximately 3 weeks.

Equine Herpes Virus (EHV) 

There are 5 types of Equine Herpes virus but EHV 1 and EHV 4 are the most important and they are the only types which can be vaccinated against.

EHV 1 and 4 can cause a flu-like respiratory infection in horses but may also cause abortion in pregnant mares and severe neurological disease.

To provide effective immunity against respiratory and neurological disease caused by EHV 1 and EHV- 4 a primary course of 2 vaccinations should be given followed by a booster vaccination every 6 months.

  • 1st vaccination: Can be given to any horse over the age of 5 months.
  • 2nd vaccination: To be given 4-6 weeks after the 1st vaccination.
  • 6 month booster: To be given within 6 calendar months of the 2nd vaccination.

To provide effective immunity against abortion caused by EHV 1 and EHV-4 a course of three vaccinations should be given to a mare during her 5th, 7th and 9th months of pregnancy.